First Years, Second Impressions

November 1, 2009

Ford, Hart, Bell and the Von Kleinsmid Center

Lately I’ve been revisiting The Paper Chase, the ensemble drama about law students and their demanding, terrifying mentor Professor Kingsfield, which debuted on DVD earlier this year.  The show had an unusual history.  Cancelled after a single season on CBS, it resurfaced nearly five years later (after some success in syndication) on Showtime, which produced close to forty new episodes.  It’s an early, outlying instance of the now nearly complete migration of worthwhile television programming from the major networks to niche cable channels.

I hadn’t seen The Paper Chase in over twenty years, and while its edges are a bit rougher than I remembered, I still consider it one of the best American TV dramas.  It’s an important enough series that I hope to revisit it more thoroughly in the near future.  In the meantime, here are a few thoughts that occurred to me as I watched the first dozen episodes.

1. The title song, “The First Years,” is a soft-rock classic, a beatific, even goofy little ditty performed by Seals and Crofts but written by Charles Fox and Norman Gimbel.  Gimbel, who received an Emmy nomination for his lyrics, wrote a slew of big-time pop songs in the seventies: “Killing Me Softly With His Song,” “I Got a Name,” the English lyrics to “The Girl From Ipanema,” “It Goes Like It Goes” from Norma Rae, the Laverne and Shirley theme.

But shouldn’t it be “The First Year,” singular?  Because the show places a great deal of importance on the fact that its main characters are all “1Ls,” newbies who are struggling to learn the ropes of the hugely challenging post-grad education they’re beginning.  Their status would change quite a bit from year to year.  (The Showtime version would track this matriculation with some precision).  And since law school only lasts for three years anyway, it’s kind of meaningless to distinguish the first two from just the final one.  I guess the first line (“The first years are hard years”) wouldn’t work in the singular, but the final stanza (“Then one day, we’ll all say / Hey look, we’ve come through / The first years”) could have dropped that final “s” and brought the song more in line with the content of the show.

2. Last year I wrote, briefly, about my own personal connection to the series; about how I adored The Paper Chase as a young teenager because I thought it showed what college would be like (wrong), and how when I went to college, I discovered that my own campus (the University of Southern California) was the same one where The Paper Chase had been filmed.  This created a weird kind of disjuncture.  I wasn’t having much fun as an undergraduate, and I resented the geographical overlap with my earlier, idealized, pop-culture version of how higher education should be.

When I wrote that, I remembered USC as the setting for Showtime’s Paper Chase episodes, but I wasn’t certain whether the same campus had been used in the first season.  I thought that perhaps the bigger CBS budget had permitted for some location exteriors at a real New England university.  (Coyly, The Paper Chase never says what school it’s depicting, although it’s based on Harvard grad John Jay Osborn, Jr.’s autobiographical novel, so you’re supposed to do the math.)  But, nope.  The first season of The Paper Chase was filmed at USC, and while the campus has been seen in a ton of movies and TV shows, I doubt that any project before or since made such extensive use of it.  Alumni will have a blast watching this show unless, like me, they are still kind of sick of the place.

Although I spotted other locations as well, most of the filming seems to have been confined to the area in between three major buildings in the center of the campus: Bovard Auditorium (home to Professor Kingsfield’s lecture hall and office, although the real building does not house any regular classrooms), the imposing Doheny Library, and the more modern Von Kleinsmid Center.  Most of this area looks the same now as it did then, although it’s fascinating to see Trousdale Parkway, the street between Bovard and Doheny, before it was paved over and closed to vehicular traffic.  And the fountain in front of Doheny never seems to be turned on in the early episodes.  I wonder if Los Angeles was in the midst of one of its periodic, very un-New England droughts during the summer of 1978.

If you stop and think about it, none of this looks at all like an Ivy League school, but of course, it’s television and hardly anyone ever stops to think about things like that.

3. The quality that makes The Paper Chase singular within television history, and disproportionately valuable today, is its celebration of the pursuit of knowledge for its own sake.  Not even other shows in the “inspiring teacher” genre, like Mr. Novak or Boston Public, have focused primarily on this idea.  The law students of The Paper Chase sacrifice fashion and even hygiene, not to mention social lives and sex, in order to give themselves over entirely to their coursework.  Though they register the stress and the monotony of their work, they don’t cheat or take shortcuts (or if they do, the show depicts them as having failed to live up to an important standard).  In a gesture that was probably idealistic even for the seventies, The Paper Chase rarely mentions careerism or money as reasons behind its protagonists’ interest in the law.

Unlike many of my real-life teachers who tried to “make learning fun,” The Paper Chase succeeds in passing along its enthusiasm for knowledge to the viewer.  Professor Kingsfield (John Houseman) roots his lectures in the Socratic method.  The scenes in his classroom, almost always the best in each episode, mine suspense from whether the characters will know the answers or not; whether they will express themselves eloquently; whether they will impress their teacher or disappoint him.  The classroom sequences have an echo in the students’ study group meetings, where they typically discuss not their own personal problems (even if those problems form the thrust of that week’s plot), but the technical and moral intricacies of the law.  Many scripts weave actual cases common to law school curricula into the storyline (Hawkins v. McGee in the pilot, the Speluncean explorers hypothetical in “The Seating Chart”).  The resolutions to these cases, even though they are conveyed entirely through talk rather than action, often prove as compelling as the actual stories.

The Paper Chase characterizes Bell (James Keane), the comic relief law student, as a fat, pizza-gobbling slob, but I doubt that contemporary viewers would make much of a distinction between Bell and Hart (James Stephens), the chief protagonist, who is pale, sunken-chested, bespectacled, and generally unkempt.  And yet Stephens manages to remove his shirt in most of the first half-dozen episodes.  I think The Paper Chase was positioning him quite deliberately as a sex symbol in the sensitive-New-Age-guy mold (think Alan Alda or Woody Allen).  What I like most about Stephens (and Hart) is his avidness, which contrasts strikingly with the kind of image-conscious nonchalance that nearly every modern TV hero projects.  “How do you do it?” he blurts out beseechingly after he meets the have-it-all-career-girl Law Review editor (Darleen Carr) in the episode “A Day in the Life…”  Hart doesn’t care whether anyone thinks he’s cool.

I bring this up because many of these notions, which were central to The Paper Chase, have no currency within our culture any more.  The Bush II era codified anti-intellectualism as a legitimate approach to national leadership, one which may have been ratified at the polls.  (Recall the “which candidate would you rather have a beer with?” factor in the 2004 election).  And it’s very difficult to find anyone on television now who doesn’t appear to have stepped out of a fashion magazine; even “nerds” (like Adam Brody of The O.C. or Zachary Levi of Chuck) have a six-pack and a stylish haircut.

When I was a kid, I picked up the ideas (from shows like The Paper Chase, but also from the adults who surrounded me) that enlightenment meant developing the mind more than the body, and that obsessing over one’s personal appearance was vain and shallow.  I still live by those ideas, but they seem rather lonely within the public and private discourse I encounter these days.  I didn’t expect to be old-fashioned before I was thirty-five, but it seems to be working out that way.

11 Responses to “First Years, Second Impressions”

  1. Griff Says:

    It wasn’t that the first (and at that point only) season of THE PAPER CHASE was successfully “syndicated,” it was that it was in fact a rare instance of an off-network television program being widely re-shown on Public TV. PBS licensed the show from Fox, airing it without commercials; special video spots illuminating legal issues were produced to fill out an hour time-slot. The program, always a critical favorite, proved popular enough in its PBS re-airings to inspire Showtime to revive production of the show.

  2. Todd Says:

    Another music aspect of The Paper Chase that I find rather curious is I noticed Hart has the Kiss album Rock and Roll Over in his dorm room (see the episode Bell and Love). Hart just doesn’t strike me as being a member of the Kiss Army. I guess I see his character as more of a James Taylor and Paul Simon fan, or perhaps studying to the jazz fusion sounds of Weather Report or Jean Luc Ponty.
    At any rate I have enjoyed your PC postings and I now chuckle every time Hart is in a scene bare chested.

  3. Rob T. Says:

    “The Paper Chase rarely mentions careerism or money as reasons behind its protagonists’ interest in the law. ”

    I am sure that that is because those reasons were taken for granted.

  4. I composed the music for this series. My name is Stephen Seretan.
    I received many letters about it, and it is still discussed on IMDB boards. It was a lot of fun knowing and working with John Houseman, who asked for my return to the revived series. He is a legend and loved my work. Sadly, he is not with us anymore.

    • Susan Stevens Says:

      I was glad to see that Houseman requested your music–so much more compelling than the theme music in the first season.

  5. Susan Stevens Says:

    The show is superior, in the same intellectual mod as MASH and Northern Exposure. Your column is on the mark in saying that education was valued in those times not for “getting a grade,” making more money, or needing course units for job skills–but rather the love of learning and acquisition of knowledge for its own sake prevailed. Houseman is the cornerstone of this series, and the acting, dialog, and direction are exceptional. Season 1 is dynamite in the excellence in ensemble of the study group that first year. Something no one ever mentions is that not one student or professor is shown smoking in the first season, a choice that renders the director (and others in charge) as a cut above all the rest. I have not seen seasons 3 & 4 since Shout Factory has not released them onto DVD, despite requests from many viewers. As someone who went to high school in the ’60s and college in the ’60s-’70s-’80s, I am nostalgic about students’ competition and discipline in acquiring knowledge for the pure joy it affords.

  6. Mike Says:

    I thought the same thing about the Kiss album cover!!

    Everything said here is completely-on-the-mark. Also, I want to compliment Stephen Sereten’s work on “the Paper Chase”! I loved the music throughout, with the exception of the 1st series opening song (which you didn’t write!). I always loved the harpsichords and Baroque elements, it just felt totally appropriate somehow, all of the music is always spot on, in both series. The opening theme makes me cringe, yet I have affection for it as well.

    I completely prefer James Stephens to Timothy Bottoms’ Hart. the movie is good, but it’s more about the tug between love and school, it’s not about the joy and excitement of learning.

    There’s not much information I can find about the series, and it looks like all of the actors have stopped working, I’m heartbroken to see. I’d love to interview them all. I did find an interview with the director of some of the episodes; he said it was John Houseman himself who kept “The Paper Chase” alive, searching for years to find someone who’d put it back on. So…we have even more to thank him for!

    I love both series, but I prefer the second series. It seemed even more adult, less network TV. I like that Bell was able to really grow as a character (James Deane did a great job with that character, and I remember being excited to see him pop up in “48 Hours”…..only to get shot moments later!). I thought Jane Kaczmerack was a great addition to the show, Michael Tucci also.

    I remember watching the first series when it originally aired (i would have been 9) and being mystified how such a show could be taken off the air!

  7. Joe Says:

    The theme song to the first season was ridiculously bad. As you say, words were chosen as filler to match the beat without regard to the sentences being made. ‘The first years are hard years, much more than we know’….Well, if they are harder than you know…how bad could they be? Gimbel and Fox..yuk… Leave it to those 2 to choose Seals and Croft.

  8. Bob Gassel Says:

    Luckily, the Showtime eps are available on YouTube, and despite the noticeably smaller budget, they hold up better than the CBS season.

    • Lewis Ritter Says:

      I loved your review of Paper Chase. I have two seasons on DVD. I love Kingsfield. I had a professor at Devry University who reminded me of him. My favorite episode was Moot Court. I think the Bell character became a form advisor in later episodes. I was surprised the actor who played Ford never became a star. . I wrote for Larry Brodys for two years. I would love to do an article on He And She my favorite sitcom from 1967

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